Amy Mackay/ January 19, 2019/ All posts, Dramatherapy or Dramatherapist, Therapy Group/ 2 comments

The science of tears

Scientifically, there are three reasons your eyes produce tears

  1. To keep your eyes moisturised and healthy
  2. To clear your eyes of irritation, e.g., a speck of dust, smoke or onion juice – eye washes may also help
  3. Emotion

There are some medical conditions, such as a blocked tear duct, which cause the eyes to produce more moisture than required. If you think that is why you are crying you should speak to your doctor or optician. These are not crying tears. Only the emotion tears are crying tears.

Have A Good Cry

Any strong emotion can produce tears.

  • I’m so happy I could cry
  • You broke my heart, I’m drowning in a well of tears
  • I’m stressed and can’t cope so I’m sobbing

While your tears are mostly water, they also contain a type of natural pain killer and hormones designed to help with emotional regulation. Perhaps this is why we have the idea of “feeling better after a good cry”.

As crying is a way to release emotion it can also be a very creative state. Many songs and poems are written from places of pain, many pieces of art are expressions of deep emotions.

But I can’t stop crying

Drowning in tears

If you find yourself crying all of the time or unable to stop crying it may indicate that your body needs more help regulating and soothing than it is able to self provide with the tears.

There may be one big event that has caused most of this emotion.

  • Relationship breakdown or problems
    • Parents’ divorce
    • Best friend arguments
    • Boyfriend / girlfriend breakups
    • Crush hasn’t noticed you
  • You have experienced trauma
    • physically (beaten / stabbed / mugged etc)
    • sexually
    • victim of war or refugee
    • car crash
  • Too much stress
    • Lots of deadlines
    • Spinning lots of plates at once
    • Responsible for caring for others
    • Not supported to do these things or afraid of what would happen if you stopped
  • Keeping secrets
    • Hiding the real you from others in case they reject you
    • Lying to cover up for yourself or someone else
  • Grief or bereavement
    • Someone has died
    • You or someone you love has moved away
    • You can no longer do the things that used to make you happy
    • Loss of dreams for your future / loss of purpose
  • Many other reasons or a collection of many of the above.

How can I stop myself from crying?

Remember that crying is your bodies way of soothing you and that it is a completely normal reaction. Some research even suggests that crying once a week is a good thing for your mental health. But if you do want to stop your tears try this:

1. Focus on your breathing.

It may feel very restricted or uneven. Try to deepen it and lengthen the breaths. This can help to get more oxygen to your brain which can help you to be more rational and less emotional.

Practice slow deep breathing

2. Distract yourself

Can you say the alphabet backwards? What is the 17 times table? How many animals can you name in 1 minute?

3. Change the music

Often when we are sad or angry we like to select music which is also sad or angry. But the ballad about the broken heart or the rap about how you were wronged is likely to keep you in the same emotional state. Look for music which can help you to be in a different emotional space. Or if you can’t think of music try the sounds of the rain-forest or of water gently flowing. Find something which helps to sooth you rather than deepen the emotion.

The Long Game

These strategies may help in the short term but are unlikely to be long term solutions if you are still carrying around the same emotional baggage or facing the same triggers it is likely the tears will return.

So what can you do?

1) Make some changes

Meditation can help you to relax and learn how to work with your emotions rather than being controlled by them.

Can you take away some of the pressure points? Spend less time with people who upset you. Change jobs or change form groups in your school. Look at time management so you feel more in control.

Can you do something to help you to relax? Try yoga or meditation. Go outside for a walk. Read a book – either fiction or self help.

2) Get some help

Tell someone how you feel. Maybe a friend or family. Maybe look for support groups. A problem shared is a problem halved.

Counselling or therapy helps some people to explore their emotions, particularly if there are some big things causing the tears. There is a reason psychotherapy is called the Talking Cure. There are also creative forms of therapy such as dramatherapy, art therapy and music therapy which may include some talking but also use their creativity to explore the issues you bring.

“If therapy group patients learn simply that talking helps, that being closer to others feels good, that they may be of use to others – that’s plenty.’”

(Yalom, 1999, Momma and the meaning of life: Tales of Psycotherapy. p.57)

Some people find medical help such as anti-depressants useful and these can help you to feel more in control and less overwhelmed. If you are struggling to eat or sleep it can be very difficult to take care of your mental health and this can be a destructive cycle which some people find medication helps them to break out of. Other people find anti-depressants can numb them from the paid but also from joy and feel it does not help them to learn to cope or make the underlying problem go away. Sometimes there can also be unpleasant side effects of medication. If you are thinking about taking them, I encourage you to do some research and speak to a medical professional.

3) Time is the greatest healer

If things are dark right now, that does not mean they will be dark forever.

In the Stage version of the Lion King, while mourning his father during an “Endless Night”, Simba sings “I know the the night must end and that the sun will rise”.

This does not mean that when enough time has passed you will be just like you were before whatever made you feel sad, but it does mean that with the distance of time you will feel less raw than you do right now.

My Too-Big Emotions Therapy Group

I am running a London therapy group for students in years 7, 8 and 9 to explore their Too-Big Emotions.

“It is possible to feel afraid and be a hero, the strong can cry and beauty and pleasure can be found where we least expect it.’

(Seymour in Jennings, Dramatherapy and social theatre. 2009: 31)

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  1. mere sapne me jor se ro raha tha and jab meri neend tuti and ankhen khuli to mein sach mein ro raha tha. meri aankhon mein aasun the. iska kya matlab ahai sir?

    1. Hi Deepak

      It is believed that while we are dreaming, our brains are processing what is happening in our life. Sometimes something happens in a dream and we need to think about it during the unconscious dram time.
      Maybe there is something in your life which has made you sad but your dream was the only place safe enough to grieve.
      It is not always possible to know what a dream means as our unconscious uses symbolist, metaphor and imagery to represent the themes. There are some who believe many of the symbols have set meaning, as such there are several places which will tell you “when you dream about this it means that”. Personally, I am unconvinced that the code is so easy as I think the symbols are often unique to our own lives. The psychologist Jung would talk about dream symbolism as being personal, while still influenced by our cultural understandings.
      Some questions – what was the feeling of the dream? Even if you are crying, people can and do cry with sadness, anger, happiness, surprise…
      What seemed important in the dream? Do you make any associations? This might be a person, object, colour, sound… it can help to reflect on any associations when we wake up.
      If you do notice any associations recently, it may be helpful to link back to previous events which are similar. The psychiatrist Irving Yallom talks about one ending reminding us of every other ending. So seeing a scary film might make us think about times in our life when we were scared. Or a friend moving away might remind us of when someone we loved died as we won’t see them anymore. So the emotion we have felt might have roots back when we were much younger but perhaps we are still grieving that experience or perhaps we worry it will repeat.

      Finally, I want to say crying is ok. It is a natural way our bodies let go of large emotions. Even if you don’t know why the dream made you cry that is still ok. Your body was holding onto something and your dream was a safe place to let go of that.
      Be gentle with yourself if you are feeling sad after a dream. Self care and compassion are also key to healing.

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